Tagged with digital media

Manovich (2001) The Language of New Media


Link to text >>  |  Link to Video>>  |  Link to Review>> Argument – Manovich maps out parameters to define what new media is, what distinguishes it from old media, how it developed out of other media forms, and how it can be studied.  Throughout the book he situates new media in relation to older … Continue reading

Creeber and Martin (2009) Digital Cultures


Link to Text >> Ch 1. Digital Theories Argument – Creeber and Martin 2009 trace the history of Critical Media Studies as a precursor to the study of digital media.  They situate New Media studies within post-structuralist theories of media that emphasize multiple layers of meaning that are actively produced by users.  There is no … Continue reading

Lazzarato (1996) Immaterial Labor


Argument Since the 1970s the nature of work has changed so that it isn’t always recognized as work.  Much of the work performed today is immaterial labor and it involves new power relations in which workers, who are free, use their mental skills and personalities to produce information commodities. NOTE: Lazzarato is not describing digital … Continue reading

Smythe (1981) On the Audience Commodity and its Work


Same argument as Blindspot article: “readers and audience members of advertising-supported media mass media are a commodity produced and sold to advertisers because they perform a valuable service for the advertisers” (Smythe 1981, 8). While we generally consider work to involve physical labor, Smythe explains that within information capitalism: “much of the work that audience … Continue reading

Gitelman, Lisa. (2006) Always Already New


On Media History All historians are doing a form of media history.  History only survives by being represented in media (writing, photos, tablets etc.) therefore media are the instruments of history.   Historians are generally blind to the media themselves and only focus on the content of media.  Media historians use media as both the instruments … Continue reading