Main Idea – The class that has the means of material production also controls the means of mental production. Dominant ideologies serve the interests of the ruling class by legitimating class domination.
Historical Materialism – Class struggles and other material interests drive history – not thinkers/philosophers, ideas, or events. When we examine history from the latter perspective, history itself becomes a form of ideological deception.
Base/Superstructure Model – The economy provides the base or foundation of society and all other institutions (religions, political etc.) are superstructures that serve to reproduce the economic base.
The ideas of the ruling class are presented as common interests. They are presented as though they are the only rational, valid ideas.