Marx and Engels (1845) “The Ruling Class and the Ruling Ideas”


00000_marx_engelsMain Idea – The class that has the means of material production also controls the means of mental production.  Dominant ideologies serve the interests of the ruling class by legitimating class domination.

Historical Materialism – Class struggles and other material interests drive history – not thinkers/philosophers, ideas, or events.  When we examine history from the latter perspective, history itself becomes a form of ideological deception.

Base/Superstructure Model – The economy provides the base or foundation of society and all other institutions (religions, political etc.) are superstructures that serve to reproduce the economic base.

The ideas of the ruling class are presented as common interests. They are presented as though they are the only rational, valid ideas.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s